TVET Glossary of Terms

This glossary of terms intends to provide the TESDA key players, partners, and stakeholders an online and updated TVET information, concepts, to bring common understanding and clarification on the use of TESDA terminologies.

2019 TVET Glossary of Terms

BRIDGING COURSE a course designed to equip students to take up a new subject or course by covering the gaps between the students' existing knowledge and skills and the subject or course prerequisites and assumed knowledge.
Source: (NCVER 2013, Australia)

refers to the combination of two or more With Training Regulations (WTR) qualifications offered as a program to produce multi-skilled graduates. This can be done either through vertical articulation under the same qualification and different national qualification levels or horizontal or lateral progression under different qualifications within the same sector and the same national certification levels.

Source: (TESDA Circular No. 092 s. 2019)

refers to the grouping or clustering of qualifications that result in multi-qualification program and, consequently, in multi-skilled graduates. Bundling can be done either through vertical articulation (under the qualification with different national certification levels) and horizontal or lateral progression (under different qualifications within the same sector and same national qualification levels.

Source: (TESDA Circular No. 7 s. 2016)

a multi-qualification program intended to produce multi-skilled graduates; registered on a per qualification basis which is: (a) composed of same qualifications with different NC levels; or (b) qualifications within the same sector

Source: -

the delegation of one or more IT-intensive business processes to an external provider that, in turn, owns, administers and manages the selected process or processes based on defined and measurable performance metrics.

Source: (PSA)

a process which enables all assessors for a particular qualification to have shared understanding of the standard method of conducting assessment including the assessment guidelines, the nature of evidence., how evidence is collected and the basis on which assessment decisions are made based on the nationally developed Competency Assessors.

Source: (TESDA-OP-CP-04 Accreditation of Competency Assessors)

an individual who seeks recognition for the acquired competencies to obtain a certification.


refers to a program that has been categorized as not yet eligible for the STAR Level Award due to the need to strengthen areas where weaknesses have been identified on the criteria. The total weighted scores of the program, which is categorized as candidate status ranges from 300 to 374 points. 

Source: (TESDA Circular No. 99 s. 2019)

personal engagement with the world of work characterized by exercise of choice and identification of personal suitability requiring preparation and specialization for ongoing lifelong development

Source: (G. Arulmani, 2014)

a person who has been trained in helping other people develop their career goals.

Source: (“Get on the Right Career Path with a Career Coach” by Ralph King)

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