This glossary of terms intends to provide the TESDA key players, partners, and stakeholders an online and updated TVET information, concepts, to bring common understanding and clarification on the use of TESDA terminologies.

2022 TVET Glossary of Terms


is a lifelong process of learning by which every person acquires and accumulates knowledge, skills, attitudes, and insights from daily experiences at home, at play, and from life itself.

Source: (IRR of RA No. 10968)

refers to making meaningful change to improve the delivery and/or effectiveness of the program to create new value to learners and other stakeholders or change to improve the management of any part of the institution’s system that has an impact on the students. Innovation involves the adoption of an idea, process, technology, and product that is new to the previous application to the program. The outcome of program innovation is a breakthrough or change in results, products, or processes. 

Source: (TESDA Circular No. 99 s. 2019)

is the plan of organization and all the coordinated methods and measures adopted within SRA to safeguard its assets, check the accuracy and reliability of its accounting data, and encourage adherence to prescribed managerial policies (adopted from the National Guidelines on Internal Control System-NGICS issued by DBM). 

Source: (TESDA Circular No. 079 s. 2020)

refers to the systematic examination and definition of issues/complaints received by the Agency.

Source: (TESDA Circular No. 123 s. 2020)

the process of examining a job in detail to identify its component task; the detail and approach may vary according to the purpose for which the job is being analyzed, e.g. training, equipment design, work layout.

Source: -

refers to the gateway in the ladderized curriculum which one reaches upon acquiring enough skills and knowledge to seek and find employment. 

Source: (RA No. 10647, IRR of the Ladderized Education Act of 2014)
  • refers to the latest reports ad researches which pertain to crucial skills that are in demand in today’s competitive labor market. This shall also refer to labor market information reports issued by the DOLE, TESDA, DTI, private institutions, and other relevant organizations on the functioning of the labor market, the available labor resources, employment opportunities, and other information such as wage rates, qualifications, employment conditions, and among others. (TESDA Circular No. 131, s. 2019) 
  • it provides insights on current trends, issues, and challenges available in the local and international labor markets, both demand, and supply. The LMIR is used in the determination of priority skills for the Training Regulation development, for policy formulation, especially in directing and aligning TVET programs with labor market requirements.

Source: -
  • as used in TESDA, the term refers to a person hired as trainees in semi-skilled and other industrial occupations which are non-apprenticeable.  (Revised Guidelines in the Implementation Apprenticeship and Learnership Programs)/RA 7796/TESDA Law)
  • an inclusive term referring to anyone learning, including pupils at school; students at colleges, traditional universities, comprehensives, and universities of technology; apprentices, learners in learnerships, interns; people undergoing training, and people learning non-formally and informally as well as people enrolled for particular qualifications or part qualifications. (SAQA 2013, South Africa)
  • also referred to as a trainee, who participates in the learning activities in Supervised Industry Learning to enhance competencies initially attained from an institution-based training.  (TESDA Circular No. 018 s. 2023)
  • refers to a person hired as a trainee in industrial occupations that are non-apprenticeable and which may be learned through practical training on the job not exceeding three (3) months, whether or not such practical training is supplemented by theoretical instructions. (section 1, Rule VII, Book II, Omnibus Rules Implementing me Labor Code)

Source: -

a tool to ensure that the level of Qualification matched/aligned to the PQF and AQRF Level Descriptors. 

Source: (Philippine AQRF Referencing Report)

refers to a legal contribution from participating employers who would-be beneficiaries of a program (often a percentage of the payroll) which is subsequently turned over or rebated to enterprises offering employee training programs. 

Source: RA 7796, TESDA Law

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