TVET Glossary of Terms

This glossary of terms intends to provide the TESDA key players, partners, and stakeholders an online and updated TVET information, concepts, to bring common understanding and clarification on the use of TESDA terminologies.

FLEXIBLE LEARNING the provision of a range of learning modes or methods giving learners a greater choice of when, where and how they learn.
Source: (NCVER 2013, Australia)
FORMAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING education or training provided in educational institutions, such as schools, universities, colleges, or off-the-job in a workplace, usually involving direction from a teacher or instructor.
Source: (UNEVOC/NCVER 2009, Global)
FORMAL TVET is a training typically provided by an education or training institution, structured (in terms of learning objective, learning time or learning support) and leading certification. Formal learning is intentional from the learner's perspective
Source: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNEVOC)
FOUTH INDUSRIAL REVOLUTION (4IR) characterized by a range of new technologies that are fusing the physical, digital and biological worlds, impacting all disciplines, economies, and industries
Source: (Klaus Schwab,
  • the ability to communicate effectively, to solve problems scientifically, to think critically and creatively, to use resources sustainability and be productive, to develop one’s sense of community and to expand one’s worldview. (Literacy Coordinating Council (LCC) Resolution No. 1, s. 2008 – DepED)
  • the ability to read, write and compute 

Source: (NSO)
FUNCTIONAL LITERACY RATE the proportion (in percent) of the population who has acquired a higher level of literacy that includes not only reading and writing skills but also numeracy skills and ability to participate fully and effectively in community activities.
Source: -
  • the socially learned behavior and expectations associated with the two sexes. It also refers to the socially differentiated roles and characteristics attributed by a given culture to women and men. (PSA)
  • refers to the roles and responsibilities of men and women that are created in the family, society, and culture. 

Source: (UNESCO Gender Mainstreaming Implementation Framework 2003)
GENDER ANALYSIS refers to a framework to compare the relative advantages and disadvantages faced by women and men in various sphere of life, including the family, workplace, school, community and political system.
Source: (PCW Memorandum Circular 2011-01)
GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT MAINSTREAMING IN TVET integration of GAD perspective into the analyses, formulation, monitoring, and evaluation of TVET policies, programs and projects in the development agenda, with the ultimate goal to achieve gender equality.
Source: (UN)
GENDER SENSITIVE means being able to appreciate the differences between men and women; understand how gender shape their roles in the society, and how it affects the relationship between them. It means becoming aware of gender concerns in order to respond to gender issues.
Source: (Philippine Commission on Women)

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