This glossary of terms intends to provide the TESDA key players, partners, and stakeholders an online and updated TVET information, concepts, to bring common understanding and clarification on the use of TESDA terminologies.


a new occupation or one that consists of a new combination of existing skills and knowledge for which there is considerable existing or projected demand.

Source: (NCVER 2013, Australia)

include all persons 15 years old and over as of their last birthday and  during the basic survey reference period as reported as either:

  • at work - those who do any work even for one hour during the reference period for pay or work without pay on the farm or business enterprise operated by a member of the same or related by blood, marriage or adoption; or
  • with a job but not at work – those who have a job or business but are not at work be it temporary or temporary illness/injury, vacation or other reasons. Likewise, persons who expect to return or to start operation of a farm or business enterprise within two weeks from the date of the enumerator’s visit, are considered employed. 

Source: (ILO)
  • percentage of the total number of employed persons to the total number of persons in the labor force.  (PSA)
  • refers to the ratio of employed TESD graduates to the total number of graduates. (TESDA Circular No. 18 s. 2017)

Source: -

the implementation of temporary measures imposing stringent limitations on movement and transportation of people, strict regulation of operating industries, provision of food and essential services, and heightened presence of uniformed personnel to enforce community quarantine protocols. (Omnibus Guidelines on the Implementation of Community Quarantine in the Philippines with Amendments as of July 02, 2020). 

Source: (TESDA Circular No. 078 s., 2020)

the total number of students or trainees who have registered in a given course or program. 

Source: (2005 IACES)

is used to record maintenance in one overview for each piece of equipment. 

Source: (TESDA Circular No. 59 s. 2017)

any set of information relating to natural or juridical persons to the extent that, although the information is not processed by equipment operating automatically in response to instructions given for that purpose, the set is structured, either by reference to individuals or by reference to criteria relating to individuals, in such a way that specific information relating to a particular individual is readily accessible. 

Source: (TESDA Data Privacy Manual version 1.0 s. 2020)

refers to a person who is not a naturalized citizen of the Philippines.

Source: (TESDA Circular No. 001, s. 2020)

process stands for efficient, effective, economical and ethical


Efficient refers to "doing things right" given the available resources/inputs and within a specified timeframe. This is about delivering a given quantity and quality of outputs with minimum inputs or maximizing outputs with a given quantity and quality of inputs


Effective refers to "doing the right things". Effective operations mean that operating units are able to deliver their major final outputs and outcomes and able to achieve the expected results and contribute to the achievement of the sectoral and societal goals.


Economical refers to the performance of functions and tasks using the least amount of resources/inputs within a specific timeframe. It implies that the resources/inputs should be acquired at the right cost, at the right time, at the right place, in the right quantity, and of the right quality.

Ethical refers to conformity with the norms of conduct and ethical standards as contained in RA 6713, otherwise known as the "Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees"

Source: (TESDA Circular No. 079 s., 2020)

refers to an agreement between two or more countries to eliminate or reduce tariffs and other requirements of commerce that restrict trade between them.

Source: (

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